Revisiting the War of the Worlds

During the run-up to this month’s Wild Wild West Con, I was talking to one of my co-workers about how Victorian science influenced early science fiction novels. During our conversation, The War of the Worlds by H.G. Wells came up. We spoke a little bit about the famous Orson Welles radio version and the 1953 George Pal film. He also mentioned the Jeff Wayne musical version. As it turns out, I remember seeing ads for this album when it was released, but I never actually listened to it. What’s more, even though the story of The War of the Worlds is well known and almost a part of the collective subconscious, I had never actually read the original novel. I decided it was time to rectify both omissions.

As I say, the story of the novel is familiar and there were, in fact, few surprises. The story is somewhat sparse and very personal, which allows a reader to transport it in time and place. It’s easy to visualize the events happening in your own time to you. This is likely helped because Wells never names his protagonist. Despite all this, I found the novel fit very well in its Victorian period. It loses a little something when it’s transported out of that. I think some of it is that the Martian war machines seem all that more awesome when most people only have horses and buggies for transportation. Also, the story is set in Victorian England at the height of England’s colonial power, so it seems especially frightening to see it brought to its knees so readily.

If anything, one of the elements I did find surprising about the novel is that it appears that the entire Martian invasion is focused on England. It’s never explicitly said Martian vehicles weren’t landing in other places, but we never hear that they are either. It makes an eerie view of the world that a single, powerful country could be attacked like that and the world would be unwilling to come to its aid. There is danger in big colonial powers alienating everyone else! Especially, given that another surprise of the novel is that the Martian War Machines prove to be somewhat vulnerable to the weapons of the time. A massed worldwide front seems like it could have stopped the Martian invasion.

A real weakness of the novel is the way the women get shoved into the background. Our protagonist’s wife is sent off to live with the protagonist’s cousin—then it turns out he may have placed her in greater danger for doing that. The only other women in the novel are a pair encountered by the protagonist’s brother. While one woman is somewhat resourceful, the other is a hysterical mess. This is where the Jeff Wayne musical version does a decent job improving on the original. The protagonist’s wife is given a name. They’re already separated at the start of the story and part of the story is his attempt to get to her. Even then circumstances keep them apart.

In the novel, our protagonist encounters a curate, basically an assistant parson, and the two cower together in an abandoned house. In the album, the curate is now a full parson and he has a wife named Beth, who has one of the album’s greatest songs. I was impressed that the album and the novel generally follow each other pretty well. The album’s music reminds me of works by some of my favorite contemporary steampunk bands. Another high point of the album is Richard Burton’s narration, which mostly follows Wells’s narrative.

One of my big takeaways after reading the novel was that many stories could be told based on the events of The War of the Worlds. One could tell stories set in other countries, or tell a story about the rest of the world watching the attack on Britain and reacting. It seems the protagonist’s wife has a great untold story that could make an outstanding steampunk novel. Of course, there have been a few sequels such as Garrett P. Serviss’s Edison’s Conquest of Mars, and even Jeff Wayne suggests a sequel of sorts that could make a fascinating story.

7 comments on “Revisiting the War of the Worlds

  1. Greg Ballan says:

    Excellent analysis of one of my all time favorite books.

  2. I can imagine the world’s leaders being really set back on their heels by seeing Britain taken down. What hope would the rest of them have, if Britain could fall?

    • Indeed. There’s a certain arrogance in the idea that you conquer England in the Victorian age and you conquer the world, but there’s also a certain truth. Allies would feel powerless while enemies might sit on the sidelines until too late. It’s interesting to think how the invasion would have continued if the Martians had not succumbed to our “small allies.”

  3. […] at David Lee Summers’ Web Journal, we see the astronomer-author examining War of the Worlds, the original novel, alongside Jeff Wayne’s musical album covering the events of the […]

  4. Janne Wass says:

    Great post!

    I suppose it’s useful to remember that when Wells wrote the novel he was a radical young socialist, highly critical of Britain’s imperialism and socialism. One way to analyse the lack of other perspectives than the British one is that Wells was satirising the way many Brits viewed the world: Britain as a majestic island apart from the rest of Europe. As you write, there’s a certain arrogance to it, but I don’t think it was arrogance on Wells’ part, but rather his way of pointing out the arrogance prevailing in Britain. Wells railed against the UK’s violent colonialism, and by having Britain invaded by an invincible army, with weapons as overwhelming as their own guns and cannons would have been against African and Asian tribes and villages, Wells gives Britain a taste of its own medicine, giving the reader a sense of what it would have been like be invaded by Britain in, say Rhodesia, Afghanistan and Hong Kong, where Britain was fighting at the time.

    • Thanks for dropping by. I hadn’t really thought about the book in Socialist terms, but I had thought that perhaps Wells was giving England a taste of its own medicine, as it were. Thanks for articulating that so well.

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